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History of cigarette industry
  • Post: #1

    eequiera

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    The Golden age of the tobacco industry occurred in the post-war period: in the late 1940s and early 1950s, cigarettes were part of the image of many heroes and movie stars.
    The first images of tobacco smokers found in ancient temples in Central America date back to 1000 BC. Tobacco was held in high esteem by local healers: medicinal properties were attributed to it, and tobacco leaves were used as an analgesic.
    The use of tobacco was also included in the religious rituals of ancient American civilizations: their participants believed that inhaling tobacco smoke helps them communicate with the gods. During this period, two ways of Smoking tobacco developed: in North America, pipes became popular, while in South America, Smoking cigars rolled from whole tobacco leaves became more common.
    There is evidence that Columbus, the first European to become familiar with tobacco leaves, did not appreciate them: he simply threw out this gift of the natives. However, several members of the expedition witnessed the ritual Smoking of large rolled tobacco leaves, which the locals called Tobago or tobacco, and became interested in the process.
    After returning to their homeland, newly converted tobacco lovers were accused by the Inquisition of being connected with the devil. Despite the persecution of the Inquisition, the Spanish and Portuguese continued to bring tobacco leaves and seeds to Europe.
    The spread of tobacco in the Old World was also promoted by respected statesmen: in 1561, the French Ambassador in Lisbon, Jean nicot, sent tobacco to his Queen, Catherine de ' Medici, and recommended it as an excellent remedy for migraines.
    Snuff became popular, and tobacco was considered a panacea; it was not only sniffed, but also chewed and smoked to cure a variety of diseases. By the way, the generic scientific name of tobacco Nicotiania was given in honor of Jean nicot.
    A century after the discovery of America, tobacco was already grown in Belgium, Spain, Italy, Switzerland, and England. Thanks to the expansion of trade relations, tobacco has penetrated to Siberia and other regions of Asia. At the end of the XVI century, an English nobleman, heavy smoker, sailor and poet, sir Walter Raleigh created several tobacco plantations, including in the American territories; one of them he called Virginia, which later gave the name to one of the most common varieties of tobacco.
    By the end of the 17th century, the anti-tobacco movement was active in Europe, the Church was particularly critical of tobacco fans, and scientists began to investigate the health effects of Smoking. For example, the court physician of Louis XIV, doctor Fagon, called Smoking a Pandora's box that harbors unknown diseases. To this the king replied that he could not ban Smoking, since in this case the state would lose the considerable revenue it received from the tobacco monopoly. Any attempt by the European monarchs of that time to restrict the importation or cultivation of tobacco led to the flourishing of smuggling.
    In 1890, 26 States of America decided to ban the sale of cigarettes to minors. In 1908, the new York city administration banned women from Smoking in public places, but the first violators of the law immediately began to fight for their rights. Since then, Smoking has become associated with the women's emancipation movement.
    During the First World war, tobacco became an indispensable part of the diet of soldiers, it was recommended to smoke to calm the nerves. Tobacco went through World war II, and Roosevelt declared tobacco a strategic commodity for the wartime period.

    The Golden age of the tobacco industry occurred in the post-war period: in the late 1940s and early 1950s, cigarettes were part of the image of many heroes and movie stars. In the 1950s, the first scientific publications on the dangers of tobacco appeared, and major tobacco manufacturers began to produce cigarettes with a filter. In 1960, the first warnings about the dangers of Smoking appeared on packs. The 1980s were marked by the beginning of a global offensive on tobacco: tobacco Taxes in the United States and Western Europe increased by 85% during this period. In the 1990s, lawsuits were the main topic of news about the tobacco industry.
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  • Post: #2

    idalov

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